Changes between Version 19 and Version 20 of Tutorial/ParticleImageVelocimetry


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Timestamp:
Jan 15, 2015, 4:17:40 PM (6 years ago)
Author:
vaillant1p
Comment:

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  • Tutorial/ParticleImageVelocimetry

    v19 v20  
    105105
    106106Select the '''[CIV1]''' check box so the corresponding parameters show up. Improve the spatial resolution by selecting smaller correlation boxes in the '''civ1''' menu, for instance [Bx],[By] to 19 and 13 (image pixels). This is possible because of the good image quality and high particle density. The use of a smaller box in y allows to optimize the resolution in this direction, to deal with the strong vertical shear. It is now possible to adjust the search range, using knowledge on extremal velocities, see histograms displayed by '''uvmat''' in phys coordinates. We introduce estimated bounds on each velocity component, [min] to -2 and [max] to 6 for ’u’ and (-3, 3) for ’v’, and press the button '''[Search Range]'''. The optimum search ranges and shifts are now displayed. In consistency with higher resolution, we set the grid mesh to [Dx] and [Dy] to 10. Finally select the '''Mask option''' : the mask name should be displayed in the corresponding edit box, else a browser leads to the appropriate mask file.
    107 FIX1
    108107
    109 Select the ’FIX1’ operation, which eliminates some false vectors using several criteria. Use the default parameters.
    110 PATCH1
     108'''FIX1'''
    111109
    112 Select the ’PATCH1’ operation, to interpolate the vectors on a regular grid and calculate spatial derivatives. Select a high resolution [nx]=100, [ny]=30, number of grid points in which the velocity will be interpolated. These values correspond to dx=dy=10 pixels for an image 1000x300. Choose the default value 10 for the smoothing parameter ’rho’ . You can later try different values, the smoothing effect increasing with rho. Keep the default values for the other parameters.
    113 CIV2
     110Select the ’'''FIX1'''’ operation, which eliminates some false vectors using several criteria. Use the default parameters.
    114111
    115 Select the ’CIV2’ operation to improve the correlation results, using the information on local image deformation, provided by the previous knowledge on velocity spatial derivatives (calculated in patch1). Use a finer grid dx= dy=5 than for civ1. The spatial resolution can be slightly improved by decreasing the correlation box, using for instance Bx,By=(15,11). The search range is determined automatically using the prior knowledge on velocity, obtained with the civ1 and patch1 operations. Note that ’civ2’ corresponds to a new measurement from the images, the previous civ1 and patch operations being used only as an initial guess for the search of optimal correlations.
     112'''PATCH1'''
    116113
    117 Then select ’FIX2’ and ’PATCH2’ with the same parameters as ’FIX1’ and ’PATCH1’.
    118 Running the calculation
     114Select the ’'''PATCH1'''’ operation, to interpolate the vectors on a regular grid and calculate spatial derivatives. Select a high resolution [nx]=100, [ny]=30, number of grid points in which the velocity will be interpolated. These values correspond to dx=dy=10 pixels for an image 1000x300. Choose the default value 10 for the smoothing parameter ’rho’. You can later try different values, the smoothing effect increasing with rho. Keep the default values for the other parameters.
    119115
    120 Press [RUN] to run the calculation. The results are stored in a new subdirectory, CIV_1, so the previous results are not erased (you can also set the name of the subdirectory in the GUI, by the edit boxes [SubDirCiv1] and [SubDirCiv2]. The existing subdirectories are listed above.
     116'''CIV2'''
    121117
    122 The status of the calculation is displayed in a new window which refreshes automatically. Close it to avoid blocking of new Matlab operations. This status window can be opened again by pushing the button [STATUS] in the GUI civ. Do not close civ until the calculation is finished.
     118Select the ’'''CIV2'''’ operation to improve the correlation results, using the information on local image deformation, provided by the previous knowledge on velocity spatial derivatives (calculated in patch1). Use a finer grid dx= dy=5 than for civ1. The spatial resolution can be slightly improved by decreasing the correlation box, using for instance Bx,By=(15,11). The search range is determined automatically using the prior knowledge on velocity, obtained with the civ1 and patch1 operations. Note that ’civ2’ corresponds to a new measurement from the images, the previous civ1 and patch operations being used only as an initial guess for the search of optimal correlations.
    123119
    124 The parameters of a CIV computation are stored in a xml file with extension ..CivDoc.xml created in the directory containing the velocity files. These parameters can retrieved, opening this xml file with the browser of the GUI civ. Then the image file itself needs to be opened (the select again the check boxes for the operations beyond civ1 hidden by default).
     120Then select ’'''FIX2'''’ and ’'''PATCH2'''’ with the same parameters as ’'''FIX1'''’ and ’'''PATCH1'''’.
    125121
    126 The result can be improved again by performing a third civ iteration, civ3. For that purpose, select only the ’civ2’, ’fix2’ and ’patch2’ operations with the same parameters as previously. The previous result is now considered as ’civ1’, so set CIV as the subdirectory in the edit window [SubDirCiv1]. Select a new subdirectory name, for instance ’CIV3’ in the edit window [SubDirCiv2]. Further iterations could be similarly performed, but the improvement becomes negligible.
     122'''Running the calculation'''
     123
     124Press '''[RUN]''' to run the calculation. The results are stored in a new subdirectory, CIV_1, so the previous results are not erased (you can also set the name of the subdirectory in the GUI, by the edit boxes '''[SubDirCiv1]''' and '''[SubDirCiv2]'''. The existing subdirectories are listed above.
     125
     126The status of the calculation is displayed in a new window which refreshes automatically. Close it to avoid blocking of new Matlab operations. This status window can be opened again by pushing the button '''[STATUS]''' in the GUI '''civ'''. Do not close civ until the calculation is finished.
     127
     128The parameters of a CIV computation are stored in a xml file with extension ..CivDoc.xml created in the directory containing the velocity files. These parameters can retrieved, opening this xml file with the browser of the GUI '''civ'''. Then the image file itself needs to be opened (the select again the check boxes for the operations beyond civ1 hidden by default).
     129
     130The result can be improved again by performing a third civ iteration, civ3. For that purpose, select only the ’'''civ2'''’, ’'''fix2'''’ and ’'''patch2'''’ operations with the same parameters as previously. The previous result is now considered as ’'''civ1'''’, so set CIV as the subdirectory in the edit window '''[SubDirCiv1]'''. Select a new subdirectory name, for instance ’CIV3’ in the edit window '''[SubDirCiv2]'''. Further iterations could be similarly performed, but the improvement becomes negligible.
    127131
    128132The following figure shows the final vorticity field, in which the vorticity roll up in the wake of the sphere is clearly visible. A zoom near a vortex shows the vorticity superposed with velocity vectors.