Changes between Version 86 and Version 87 of WikiStart

Sep 21, 2016, 11:20:14 AM (7 years ago)



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    8181== 3.1 Instruments ==
     83Two ultrasonic systems are used to measure velocity.
     85'''Ultrasonic Velocimetry Profiling (UVP)'''
     86Ultrasonic velocimetry profiling (UVP) is a technique that measures a single component of velocity at either 128 or 256 points along a line. A transducer sends out an ultrasonic pulse, and then gates the return signal into a series of spatial bins. The individual transducers can be multiplexed in order to provide pseudo-velocity fields. The transducers are linked via a multiplexer with a delay of 15 ms, so the two-dimensional velocity field is not instantaneous, however velocity fields can be collected at 3-4 Hz. Two frequencies of transducers will be used. An array of ten 4 MHz UVP probes (with 10 m long cables) will be used for collecting downstream velocity profiles, these probes are positioned at heights (centre point of each probe) of 7, 16, 26, 56, 86, 116, 146, 176, 206 and 236 mm from the base of the channel. These probes are positioned in a custom made plastic holder, in turn connected to a bar strapped to the channel top. Initially, the probes are positioned on the channel centreline, 80 mm downstream of the apex of bend 2, looking upstream. An array of ten 2 MHz UVP probes (with 4 m long cables) will be used to examine the nature of secondary flow at bend apices. This involves drilling holes in the apexes of bends 1 and 2 and inserting the UVP probes. Probes will have to be moved between experiments, to look at the two different bend apexes. 2 Mhz probes are required for the cross-section measurements since the measurement range needs to be much larger (60 cm) than is required for the axial velocity measurements.
     88'''Profiling Acoustic Doppler Velocimetry (ADV)'''
     89Three profiling Acoustic Doppler probes will be used for mapping three-component flow velocities within the channel. These probes come in two types, 1 is a stem probe with additional shielding, and two are flexible probes that allow closer deployment. All three probes measure three component velocities over a depth range of around 30 mm (up to 34 mm), with this zone starting 40 mm below the probe head. Bottom tracking by the instruments enables this depth to be precisely known and controlled, provided sufficient seeding is present in the flow. These probes are co-mounted on the traverse in order to collectively measure over a height of approximately 6 cm. Movement of these probes on the traverse in the y and z planes allows detailed vertical profiles and flow mapping to be undertaken. Dwell times at each point will vary between 30 and 60 seconds depending on the nature of the experiment. The basal probe is numbered 1, middle 2, and upper probe 3, and are at heights of 7.2, 10 and 13 cm respectively. Lateral offset in the x direction is 8.5 cm between probes 1 and 2, and 7.5 cm between probes 2 and 3. The traverse positions for each cross-section are based on probe 2 being positioned directly above the cross-section. The aim is to synchronise the ADV collection with the traverse through sending of the required voltage offset signal to them, thus enabling individual velocity files to be collected for each probe at each traverse.
    8392== 3.2 Definition of time origin and instrument synchronisation ==